The Andalusian horse, which is also referred to as “Pura Raza Espanola” or PRE for short, is a Spanish Pure Breed Horse. All PREs are Andalusians, but not all Andalusians are PREs.
Q. What does the name P.R.E. or Pura Raza Espanola mean?
When the official Spanish Stud Book of our breed was first organized in 1911, the name given to this registry was “Caballos de Pura Raza Espanola” — Horses of the Pure Spanish Breed.
Q. What is the difference between the name Andalusian and P.R.E.?
The name “Andalusian” was used interchangeably in the past with “Spanish Horse” when describing this breed. The name “Andalusian” fell out of favor in Spain when the breed expanded from its ancestral birthplace in the province of Andalusia, to throughout the entire nation of Spain.
So as not to show partiality to the breeders in Andalusia, the horse became known as el caballo de Pura Raza Espanola, the P.R.E. The term Andalusian is still heavily used in the U.S. today. It is the most recognized term for the Spanish horse whether it is registered in the official studbook of Spain or registered only through U.S. registries such as the USPREA, IALHA, or Foundation of the Spanish Horse.
Q. Are all Spanish horses a P.R.E.?
No. Those who have qualified for inclusion by virtue of birth from registered and approved for breeding parents have the opportunity to be included into the official Spanish studbook of Spain, which is managed by ANCCE.
Early registration of horses in North America combined the P.R.E. (Pura Raza Espanola) the P.S.L. (Puro Sangue Lusitano) and the S/P (the cross of both) into one registry.
What is important to understand is that both Spain and Portugal have distinct separate and proud national registries that are not open to horses of any other breed.
There are many horses being bred and offered for sale under the name of Spanish or Pure Spanish or Andalusian, but an approved P.R.E. will have the proper documentation of a Passport or Carta or have papers indicating a foal has been inscribed into the studbook.
There are many breeders in the U.S. who want you to believe that even though their horses or foals may not be registered with the official Spanish studbook and that it is not important is a false statement. Like any well-bred Warmblood horse, inclusion into the studbook and the level of status reached within that studbook is a testament to the correct breeding of the animal and adherence to breed standards.
Q. What is inscription and revision? (The process of studbook acceptance)
To be eligible for this process the foal must have parents that are in the main studbook. Inscription is the term used to describe the process of inspection, which is performed by an approved veterinarian of the studbook and must be completed for the horse to be included in the registry of births. The foal must have their genetic profile completed that states the foal qualifies as an offspring of both the parents and have been micro chipped. After the requirements are met the foal will be issued a Spanish Passport “Carta”. Revision is the term used to describe the process of inspection that must be done for the horse to be included in the main studbook, which takes place between the ages of 3-5 years old. Those horses that meet the requirements are accepted into the main registry and are given basic breeding approval.